Macron also insisted that the Paris agreement "remains irreversible".
The agreement was hailed as a landmark when it was passed, with nearly 200 countries pledging to follow it.
But he also said his administration would begin fresh negotiations to possibly re-enter a global climate deal of some sort.
Prime Minister Theresa May expressed her "disappointment" to Trump about the move when they spoke on Thursday, Number 10 said.
"I call on them". "We are continuing work toward achieving the goals of European Union climate policy and will follow the aims of the Paris Agreement", he affirmed. Still, he said he hopes the USA will change its mind and once again exercise leadership.
He said the deal "front loads costs on American people", "disadvantages the US" to benefit other countries and causes a "vastly diminished economic reduction". The country, she said, is prepared to "aggressively participate in the global climate governance".
Hua said the Chinese government will take "concrete action" in response to climate change.
While Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich said he did not think Trump's decision would prompt Russian Federation to rethink its own stance, the Kremlin suggested the withdrawal could be fatal to the pact.
"Even in the absence of American leadership; even as this administration joins a small handful of nations that reject the future; I'm confident that our states, cities, and businesses will step up and do even more to lead the way, and help protect for future generations the one planet we've got", Obama said.
While former secretary of state John Kerry said the "big mistake" was a "self-destructive step that puts our nation last".
Anticipating a possible USA pullout, officials from China and the European Union - two of the world's major polluters - had prepared a declaration reaffirming their commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement, which is widely considered a landmark deal for bringing together nearly all countries under a common goal. "The Paris Agreement provides such a framework".
The World Meteorological Organization sought to quantify Trump's decision, estimating that USA withdrawal from the emissions-cutting accord could add 0.3 degrees Celsius to global temperatures by the end of the century in a worst-case scenario.
The UN standards require an exit from the agreement to be implemented within three years, the energy minister said.
"Climate finance is the biggest bad (from Trump's decision)", said Clare Shakya, director of climate change at the International Institute for Environment and Development think-tank in London.